FANDOM


General
Maxwell Davenport Taylor
Maxwell D. Taylor (GEN1)
General Taylor, Chief of Staff, ca. 1955-59
U.S. Army General Flag (General)
Four Star General Officer Flag

InformationEdit

Basic Information
Born 26 August 1901
place/birth Keytesville, Chariton County, Missouri
Died 19 April 1987 (aged 85)
Place/death Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, D.C.
Cause/death Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease)
Buried at Arlington National Cemetery
Spouse Lydia Happer Taylor (ma. 1925 - 1997; his death)
Alma mater United States Military Academy (B.S., 1922)
Nickname "Max"
Military Info
Allegiance US Flag United States of America
Branch US Department of the Army Seal United States Army
Years/service USMA: 06 November 1918 - 13 June 1922
Regular Army: 13 June 1922 - 01 July 1959
Regular Army: 01 July 1961 - 01 July 1964
Service # Officer - 14898

In-depth Career SummaryEdit

Command or Organization Insignia Branch Location Begin Date End Date
Civilian
Student, Lykins, McCoy, and Ashland Elementary School Kansas City, Missouri unknown unknown
Student, Northeast High School Kansas City, Missouri 1912 1917
Student, Kansas City Junior College Kansas City, Missouri 1917 1917
Cadet
United States Military Academy - - West Point, New York 06 November 1918 13 June 1922
2nd Lieutenant Insignia 2nd Lieutenant
Student Officer, Basic Course, Engineer School -
US Army Engineer Insignia
Fort Humphreys, Virginia 00 September 1922 06 February 1923
Assigned to 17th Engineers Fort Humphreys, Virginia 06 February 1923 24 May 1923
Company Officer, 3rd Engineers
(Hawaiian Division)
Schofield Barracks, Hawaii 02 June 1923 01 May 1925
Aide-de-Camp to Major-General William R. Smith
(Hawaiian Division)
Schofield Barracks, Hawaii 02 May 1925 00 September 1925
Instructor, West Point Preparatory School, Hawaiian Division - Schofield Barracks, Hawaii 00 September 1925 01 June 1926
Company Officer, 6th Engineers
(3rd Division)
3rd Infantry Division Camp Lewis, Washington 09 June 1926 07 July 1926
Battery Officer, 10th Field Artillery
(3rd Division)
US Army Field Artillery Insignia
Camp Lewis, Washington 07 June 1926 --
1st Lieutenant Insignia 1st Lieutenant
Battery Officer, 10th Field Artillery
(3rd Division)
3rd Infantry Division
US Army Field Artillery Insignia
Fort Lewis, Washington -- 15 June 1927
Language Student - Paris, France 00 June 1927 24 August 1927
Instructor of Modern Languages, United States Military Academy West Point, New York 03 September 1927 01 September 1931
Assistant Professor of Spanish, United States Military Academy West Point, New York 01 September 1931 20 June 1932
Student Officer, Battery Officers' Course, Field Artillery School Fort Sill, Oklahoma 10 September 1932 22 May 1933
Commander, Company 850, Civilian Conservation Corps Gainesville, Texas 00 May 1933 00 August 1933
Student Officer, Command and General Staff School Fort Leavenworth, Kansas 20 August 1933 20 June 1935
Captain insignia Captain
Japanese Language Officer, Embassy of the United States in Tokyo -
US Army Field Artillery Insignia
Tokyo, Japan 20 June 1935 06 May 1939
Student Officer, Army War College Washington, D.C. 01 September 1939
Major insignia Major
Commanding Officer, 12th Field Artillery Battalion
(2nd Division)
2nd Infantry Division (US)
US Army Field Artillery Insignia
San Antonio, Texas 00 November 1940 00 June 1941
Assistant Secretary of the General Staff
(War Department General Staff)
- US Army General Staff Insignia Washington, D.C. 00 July 1941 --
Lieutenant Colonel insignia Lieutenant Colonel
Assistant Secretary of the General Staff
(War Department General Staff)
- US Army General Staff Insignia Washington, D.C. -- --
Colonel insignia Colonel
Assistant Secretary of the General Staff
(War Department General Staff)
- US Army General Staff Insignia Washington, D.C. -- 00 June 1942
Chief of Staff, 82nd Division 82nd Infantry Division Camp Claibourne, Louisiana 00 July 1942 15 August 1942
Chief of Staff, 82nd Airborne Division 82nd Airborne Division Camp Claibourne, Louisiana 15 August 1942 00 October 1942
Commanding General, Division Artillery, 82nd Airborne Division
US Army Field Artillery Insignia
Fort Bragg, North Carolina 00 November 1942 --
U.S. Army General Flag (Brigadier General, plain) Brigadier General
Commanding General, Division Artillery, 82nd Airborne Division 82nd Airborne Division - Fort Bragg, North Carolina;
Mediterranean Theater
-- 00 March 1944
Commanding General, 101st Airborne Division 101st Airborne Division European Theater 14 March 1944 --
U.S. Army General Flag (Major General, plain) Major General
Commanding General, 101st Airborne Division 101st Airborne Division - European Theater -- 04 December 1944
Commanding General, 101st Airborne Division European Theater 27 December 1944 22 August 1945
Superintendent, United States Military Academy USMA Patch (WWII era) U.S. Military Academy West Point, New York 04 September 1945 27 January 1949
Chief of Staff, Headquarters, European Command US Army Europe US Army General Staff Insignia Heidelberg, Germany 00 February 1949 00 September 1949
United States Commander, Berlin Berlin Command - Berlin, Germany 00 September 1949 01 February 1951
Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3, Operations
(Army Staff: Headquarters, Department of the Army)
- US Army General Staff Insignia The Pentagon, Arlington County, Virginia 13 February 1951 31 July 1951
U.S. Army General Flag (Lieutenant General, plain) Lieutenant General
3rd Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations and Administration
(Army Staff: Headquarters, Department of the Army)
- US Army General Staff Insignia The Pentagon, Arlington County, Virginia 01 August 1951 06 February 1953
Commanding General, Eighth Army Eighth Army (United States) - Seoul, South Korea 11 February 1953 --
U.S. Army General Flag (General, plain) General
Commanding General, Eighth Army Eighth Army (United States) - Seoul, South Korea -- 20 November 1954
Commanding General, Eighth Army;
Commander-in-Chief, United States Army Forces, Far East
Seoul, South Korea 20 November 1954 31 March 1955
Commander-in-Chief, United Nations Command;
Commander-in-Chief, Far East;
Governor of the Ryukyu Islands
United Nations Command Tokyo, Japan 01 April 1955 05 June 1955
20th Chief of Staff, United States Army
(Office, Chief of Staff: Headquarters, Department of the Army)
- US Army General Staff Insignia The Pentagon, Arlington County, Virginia 30 June 1955 30 June 1959
Civilian (General, ret.)
Chairman, Mexican Light and Power Company Mexico City, Mexico 00 September 1959 00 January 1960
President, Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts New York City, New York 00 January 1960 21 April 1961
Chairman, Cuba Study Group Washington, D.C. 21 April 1961 30 June 1961
U.S. Army General Flag (General, plain) General, ret. (active duty)
Military Representative to the President - - Washington, D.C. 01 July 1961 01 October 1962
5th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
(Joint Chiefs of Staff: United States Department of Defense)
The Pentagon, Arlington County, Virginia 01 October 1962 01 July 1964
Civilian (General, ret.)
United States Ambassador to South Vietnam South Vietnam 14 July 1964 30 July 1965
Special Consultant to the President and Chairman, President's Intelligence Advisory Board Washington, D.C. 1965 1968
President, Institute for Defense Analyses Alexandria, Virginia 1966 1969
Chairman, President's Intelligence Advisory Board Washington, D.C. 1968 1970

Dates of RankEdit

Grade Rank Insignia Name Branch Appointment Age Service Date of Rank Accepted Years Spent
in Rank
Cadet 06 November 1918 17 Regular Army
O-1
2nd Lieutenant (US Engineers)
2nd Lieutenant
US Army Engineer Insignia
13 June 1922 20
O-1
2nd Lieutenant (US Artillery)
2nd Lieutenant
US Army Field Artillery Insignia
07 July 1926 24
O-2
1st Lieutenant (US Artillery)
1st Lieutenant 02 February 1927 25
O-3
Captain (US Artillery)
Captain 01 August 1935 33
O-4
Major (US Artillery)
Major 01 July 1940 38
O-5
Lieutenant Colonel (US Artillery)
Lieutenant Colonel 24 December 1941 40 Army of the United States
O-6
Colonel (US Artillery)
Colonel 01 February 1942 - 04 December 1942 40
O-7
Brigadier General (USA)
Brigadier General - 04 December 1942 - 31 May 1944 41
O-8
Major General (USA)
Major General 31 May 1944 - 29 July 1951 42 21 June 1944
O-5
Lieutenant Colonel (US Artillery)
Lieutenant Colonel
US Army Field Artillery Insignia
13 June 1945 43 Regular Army
O-7
Brigadier General (USA)
Brigadier General - 24 January 1948 46 27 June 1944
O-9
Lieutenant General (USA)
Lieutenant General 29 July 1951 - 23 June 1953 49 Army of the United States
O-9
Lieutenant General (USA)
Lieutenant General
(temporary)
01 August 1951 - 23 June 1953 49 Regular Army
O-8
Major General (USA)
Major General 1952 50 03 August 1951
O-10
General (USA)
General
(temporary)
23 June 1953 - 01 July 1959 51
O-10
General (USA)
General 23 June 1953 - 01 July 1959 51 Army of the United States
O-10
General (USA)
General 01 July 1959 57 Retired List

Awards and DecorationsEdit

United States Awards and Decorations
Distinguished Service Cross Distinguished Service Cross
Army Distinguished Service Medal (3 Oakleaf) Army Distinguished Service Medal three oak leaf clusters
Silver Star (1 Oakleaf) Silver Star Medal one oak leaf cluster
Legion of Merit Legion of Merit
Bronze Star Bronze Star Medal
Purple Heart Purple Heart
Presidential Unit Citation (1 OLC) Presidential Unit Citation one oak leaf cluster
World War I Victory Medal World War I Victory Medal
American Defense Service Medal (Foreign Service Star) American Defense Service Medal "Foreign Service" clasp
American Campaign Medal American Campaign Medal
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal (6SS & 1AH) European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal arrowhead; six service stars
World War II Victory Medal World War II Victory Medal
Army of Occupation Medal Army of Occupation Medal "Germany" and "West Berlin" clasps
National Defense Service Medal National Defense Service Medal
Korean Service Medal (2 SS) Korean Service Medal two service stars
Foreign Personal Decorations
Order of Leopold (Grand Officer) Order of Leopold (Grand Officer) Flag of the Kingdom of Belgium Kingdom of Belgium
Order of the Crown, Grand Officer (Belgium) (Palm) Order of the Crown with palm (Grand Officer)
Cross of War 1940-1945 (palm) War Cross 1940-1945 with palm
Order of Military Merit (Brazil) (Grand Officer) Order of Military Merit (Grand Officer) Flag of Brazil Republic of Brazil
Order of the Cloud and Banner, Grand Cordon Order of the Cloud and Banner (Grand Cordon) Flag of China (Taiwan) Republic of China
Order of Boyaca, Grand Officer Order of Boyaca (Grand Officer) Flag of Colombia Republic of Colombia
Order of the Holy Trinity Order of the Holy Trinity (Grand Cordon) Flag of Ethiopian Empire Ethiopian Empire
Legion of Honour (Commander) National Order of the Legion of Honour (Commander) Flag of the French Republic French Republic
Croix de Guerre 1939-1945, palm War Cross 1939-1945 with palm
Order of the Bath Most Honourable Order of the Bath (Companion) Flag of the United Kingdom Great Britain
Distinguished Service Order (UK) Distinguished Service Order (Companion)
Order of the British Empire Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (Knight Commander)
Order of George I (Commander) Order of George I (Commander) Flag of the Kingdom of Greece Kingdom of Greece
Order of Military Merit (Guatemala) Cross of Military Merit (First Class) Flag of Guatemala Republic of Guatemala
Military Order of Italy (Commander) Modern Military Order of Italy (Commander) Flag of Italian Republic Italian Republic
Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (Grand Officer) modern Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (Grand Officer)
Order of the Rising Sun, Grand Cordon Order of the Rising Sun (Grand Cordon) Flag of Japan State of Japan
KOREAN Order of Military Merit (current) Teaguk Order of Military Merit (First Class) Flag of South Korea Republic of Korea
Order of Military Merit (Mexico) (Modern) Order of Military Merit (First Class) Flag of Mexico United Mexican States
Military William Order Military William Order (Fourth Class) Flag of the Netherlands Kingdom of the Netherlands
Military Order of Ayacucho, Commander Military Order of Ayacucho (Commander) Flag of Peru Republic of Peru
Philippine Legion of Honor, Chief Commander Philippine Legion of Honor (Chief Commander) Flag of the Philippines Republic of the Philippines
Order of the Crown of Thailand (1st Class) Most Noble Order of the Crown of Thailand (Grand Cordon) Flag of Thailand Kingdom of Thailand
Foreign Unit Awards
Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation Flag of South Korea Republic of Korea
Non-United States Service Awards
United Nations Korea Medal United Nations Service Medal for Korea Flag of the United Nations2 United Nations
Foreign Service Awards
Korean War Service Medal Korean War Service Medal Flag of South Korea Republic of Korea
Combat/Special Skill Badges
Parachutist Badge (2 jumps) Basic Parachutist Badge two jump stars
Identification Badges
Joint Chiefs of Staff Identification Badge
Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Identification Badge
Army General Staff Identification Badge
Army General Staff Identification Badge
101st Airborne Division 101st Infantry Division Shoulder Sleeve Insignia -
Former Wartime Service patch
Other Accoutrements
Overseas Service Bar (WWII) Eight Overseas Service Bars

Battles/WarsEdit

World War I (06 November 1918 - 11 November 1918)

  • Non-combat service

World War II (08 December 1941 - 31 December 1946)

Korean War (07 July 1950 - 27 July 1953)

Vietnam War (01 January 1961; 07 August 1964 - 30 July 1965)

  • Non-combat service


= Awarded service star for participation. = Arrowhead device

QuotesEdit

NotesEdit

  • He was a member of the West Point Tennis team, made Captain on the Corps of Cadets, finished fourth in his class as well as being the youngest graduating cadet.
  • Taylor was an avid tennis player up until his mid-70's.
  • His grandfather was a Confederate Army Cavalryman.
  • Besides his fluent English, Taylor could speak Spanish, French and Japanese.
  • Taylor was the first American flag officer to enter axis-controlled France.

FamilyEdit

Name Relation Lifespan Notes
Immediate Family
Lydia Happer Taylor Wife
John Maxwell Taylor Son
Thomas Happer Taylor Son

GalleryEdit

[[File: |thumb|left|130px|]] [[File: |thumb|left|130px|]]

ReferencesEdit

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