FANDOM


General
Matthew Bunker Ridgway
Matthew B. Ridgway (GEN1)
Four Star General Officer Flag

InformationEdit

Basic Information
Born 03 March 1895
Place of birth Fort Monroe, Virginia
Died 26 July 1993
Place of death Fox Chapel, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania
Cause of death
Resting place Arlington National Cemetery
Spouse Mary Princess "Penny" Anthony Long (m. 1947-93; his death)
Alma mater United States Military Academy
Nickname
Military Info
Allegiance 40px United States of America
Branch 40px United States Army
Years/service USMA: 14 June 1913 - 20 April 1917
Regular Army: 20 April 1917 - 30 June 1955
Service # Officer -

Career SummaryEdit

Command or Organization Insignia Branch Location Begin Date End Date
Civilian
Cadet (14 June 1913)
Cadet — United States Military Academy West Point, New York 14 Jun 1913 20 Apr 1917
2nd Lieutenant Insignia Second Lieutenant (20 April 1917)
3rd Infantry Camp Eagle Pass, Texas 20 Apr 1917 14 Jun 1917
8px First Lieutenant (15 May 1917)
Commander — Company F, 3rd Infantry Camp Eagle Pass, Texas 14 Jun 1917
21px Captain (05 August 1917)
Commander — Company F, 3rd Infantry Camp Eagle Pass, Texas 30 Nov 1917
Camp and District Adjutant — 3rd Infantry Camp Eagle Pass, Texas 01 Dec 1917 01 May 1918
Commander — Headquarters Company, 3rd Infantry Camp Eagle Pass, Texas 01 Jun 1918 10 Sep 1918
Instructor — Modern Languages and of Tactics — United States Military Academy
Assistant Professor of Spanish — United States Military Academy
West Point, New York 15 Sep 1918 04 Nov 1921
Executive for Athletics — United States Military Academy West Point, New York 04 Nov 1921 01 Aug 1922
Manager of Athletics — United States Military Academy West Point, New York 01 Aug 1922 25 May 1924
Headquarters, United States Military Academy West Point, New York 25 May 1924 15 Jun 1924
Student Officer — Infantry School (Officers' Course) Fort Benning, Georgia 01 Oct 1924 29 May 1925
Commanding Officer — Company, 15th Infantry, Philippine Division 12th Infantry Division Tientsin, China;
Fort Sam Houston, Texas
25 Jul 1925 31 Jul 1926
Regimental Adjutant — 9th Infantry, 2nd Division 2nd Infantry Division (US) Fort Sam Houston, Texas 01 Aug 1926 15 Dec 1927
Member of the American Electoral Commission Nicaragua 20 Nov 1927 05 Feb 1929
Member of the Commission of Inquiry and Conciliation, Bolivia and Paraguay 11 Feb 1929 14 Sep 1929
Student Officer — Infantry School (Advanced Course) Fort Benning, Georgia 07 Sep 1929 08 Jun 1930
Member of the American Electoral Commission Nicaragua 03 Jul 1930 22 Nov 1930
Commanding Officer — Battalion and Company, 33rd Infantry, Panama Canal Division Panama Canal Division Fort Clayton, Panama Canal 16 Jan 1931 00 May 1931
Regimental Adjutant and Post Adjutant — 33rd Infantry, Panama Canal Division Fort Clayton, Panama Canal 00 May 1931 07 May 1932
Technical Advisor to the Governor-General of the Philippines Manila, Philippines 25 Jun 1932
22px Major (01 October 1932)
Technical Advisor to the Governor-General of the Philippines Manila, Philippines 01 May 1933
Student Officer — Army Command and General Staff School Fort Leavenworth, Kansas 25 Aug 1933 09 Jul 1935
Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3 — Headquarters, Second Army
Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3 — Headquarters, 6th Corps Area
Second Army alternative (United States) 35px Chicago, Illinois 09 Jul 1935 09 Aug 1935
Deputy Chief of Staff, G-3 — Headquarters, Second Army
Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3 — Headquarters, Second Army
Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3 — Headquarters, 6th Corps Area
Chicago, Illinois 09 Aug 1935 20 Aug 1936
Student Officer — Army War College Fort Humphreys, Virginia 22 Aug 1936 24 Jun 1937
Assistant to the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3 — Headquarters, Fourth Army Fourth Army (United States) Presidio of San Francisco, California 12 Jul 1937 09 Nov 1937
Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3 — Headquarters, Fourth Army Presidio of San Francisco, California 09 Nov 1937 18 Sep 1939
War Plans Division — War Department General Staff Washington, D.C. 30 Sep 1939
22px Lieutenant Colonel (01 July 1940)
War Plans Division — War Department General Staff 35px Washington, D.C.
27px Colonel (11 December 1941)
War Plans Division — War Department General Staff 35px Washington, D.C.
U.S. Army General Flag (Brigadier General, plain) Brigadier General (15 January 1942)
War Plans Division — War Department General Staff 35px Washington, D.C. -- 00 Jan 1942
Assistant Division Commander — 82nd Division 82nd Infantry Division Camp Claiborne, Louisiana 25 Mar 1942 25 Jun 1942
Commanding General — 82nd Division Camp Claiborne, Louisiana 26 Jun 1942 15 Aug 1942
Commanding General82nd Airborne Division 82nd Airborne Division Fort Bragg, North Carolina 15 Aug 1942
U.S. Army General Flag (Major General, plain) Major General (06 August 1942)
Commanding General — 82nd Airborne Division 82nd Airborne Division 26 Aug 1944
Commanding GeneralXVIII Airborne Corps XVIII US Airborne Corps European Theater 27 Aug 1944
U.S. Army General Flag (Lieutenant General, plain) Lieutenant General (04 Jun 1945)
Commanding General — XVIII Airborne Corps XVIII US Airborne Corps European Theater 15 Oct 1945
Deputy Supreme Allied Commander, MediterraneanAllied Forces Headquarters
Deputy Commanding General — Mediterranean Theater of Operations, United States Army
Allied Forces HQ Insignia 00 Oct 1945 00 Mar 1945
United States Army Representative — United Nations Military Staff Committee
Senior United States Delegate and Chairman — Inter-American Defense Board
00 Mar 1946 00 Jun 1948
Commander-in-ChiefUnited States Army Caribbean (USARCARIB) Caribbean Defense Command Quarry Heights, Panama Canal Zone 00 Jul 1948 1949
2nd Deputy Chief of Staff for AdministrationHeadquarters, Department of the Army 35px The Pentagon, Arlington County, Virginia 01 Sep 1949 00 Nov 1950
2nd Deputy Chief of Staff for Administration — Headquarters, Department of the Army
Senior United States Delegate and Chairman — Inter-American Defense Board
35px The Pentagon, Arlington County, Virginia 00 Nov 1950 23 Dec 1950
Far East Command (FEC) General Headquarters, Southwest Pacific Tokyo, Japan 23 Dec 1950 26 Dec 1950
Commanding GeneralEighth Army Eighth Army (United States) Korea 26 Dec 1950 14 Apr 1951
Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP)
Commander-in-ChiefUnited Nations Command (UNC)
Commander-in-Chief — Far East Command (FEC)
Commander-in-ChiefUnited States Army Forces Far East (USAFFE)
General Headquarters, Southwest Pacific Tokyo, Japan 11 Apr 1951
U.S. Army General Flag (General, plain) General (11 May 1951)
Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP)
Commander-in-Chief — United Nations Command (CINCUNC)
Commander-in-Chief — Far East Command (CINCFE)
Commander-in-Chief — United States Army Forces Far East (CINCUSAFFE)
General Headquarters, Southwest Pacific Tokyo, Japan 12 May 1952
Supreme Allied Commander EuropeSupreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SACEUR SHAPE) Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe Paris, France 30 May 1952 11 Jul 1953
19th Chief of Staff, United States Army — Headquarters, Department of the Army (ACS) 35px The Pentagon, Arlington County, Virginia 15 Aug 1953 29 Jun 1955

Dates of RankEdit

Awards and DecorationsEdit

Personal Decorations
Distinguished Service Cross (1 Oakleaf) Distinguished Service Crossone oak leaf cluster (1943/44)
Army Distinguished Service Medal (3 Oakleaf) Army Distinguished Service Medalthree oak leaf clusters (1945/47/52/55)
Silver Star (1 Oakleaf) Silver Star Medalone oak leaf cluster (1945/45)
Legion of Merit Legion of Merit(1944)
Bronze Star (Valor & 1 OLC) Bronze Star Medalvalor device; one oak leaf cluster
Purple Heart Purple Heart(1944)
Presidential Unit Citation Presidential Unit Citation (Army)(1944)
Presidential Medal of Freedom Presidential Medal of Freedom(1986)
World War I Victory Medal World War I Victory Medal
Nicaraguan Campaign Medal (1933) Nicaraguan Campaign Medal
American Defense Service Medal (Foreign Service Star) American Defense Service Medal"Foreign Service" clasp
American Campaign Medal American Campaign Medal
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal (8SS & 1AH) European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medalarrowhead; eight service stars
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
World War II Victory Medal World War II Victory Medal
Army of Occupation Medal Army of Occupation Medal"Germany" clasp
National Defense Service Medal National Defense Service Medal
Korean Service Medal (6SS & AH) Korean Service Medalarrowhead; six service stars
Foreign Personal Decorations
Order of the Liberator General San Martin, Grand Officer Order of the Liberator General San MartinGrand Officer Flag of the Argentine Republic Argentine Republic
Order of the Crown, Grand Cross (Belgium) Order of the CrownGrand Cross Flag of the Kingdom of Belgium Kingdom of Belgium
Order of Leopold (Commander) Order of LeopoldCommander
Cross of War 1940-1945 (palm) War Cross 1940-1945one palm leaf
Order of the Southern Cross, Officer (Brazil) Order of the Southern CrossOfficer Flag of Brazil Federative Republic of Brazil
Star of Military Merit (Chile) Order of Military MeritFirst Class Flag of Chile Republic of Chile
Order of Boyaca, Grand Officer Order of BoyacaGrand Officer (1954) Flag of Colombia Republic of Colombia
Order of Military Merit, white (Cuba) Order of Military MeritFirst Class Flag of Cuba (pre-revolution) Republic of Cuba
Legion of Honour, Grand Cross National Order of the Legion of HonourOfficer / Grand Cross (1953) Flag of the French Republic French Republic
Croix de Guerre 1939-1945, palm War Cross 1939-1945one palm leaf
Order of the Bath Most Honorable Order of the BathCompanion / Knight Commander (1955) Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom of GB & NI
Order of George I (Grand Cross) Royal Order of George IGrand Cross Flag of the Kingdom of Greece Kingdom of Greece
Order of Military Merit (Guatemala) Cross of Military MeritSecond Class Flag of Guatemala Republic of Guatemala
Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus (Grand Cross) Order of Saints Maurice and LazarusGrand Cross Flag of Italian Republic Italian Republic (House of Savoy)
ITALY Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (Grand Cross) (modern) Order of Merit of the Italian RepublicGrand Cross Flag of Italian Republic Italian Republic
Military Order of Italy (Grand Cross) Modern Military Order of ItalyGrand Officer
KOREAN Order of Military Merit (current) Teaguk Order of Military MeritFirst Class Flag of South Korea Republic of Korea
Order of the Oak Crown (Grand Cross) Order of the Oak CrownGrand Cross Flag of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Order of the Aztec Eagle, I class National Order of the Aztec EagleGreat Cross (1955) Flag of Mexico United Mexican States
Order of Military Merit (Mexico) (Modern) Order of Military MeritFirst Class
Order of St. Charles, Grand Cross Order of Saint CarlosGrand Cross (1956) Flag of Monaco Principality of Monaco
MOROCCO Order of Ouissam Alaouite, Grand Cross (modern) Order of Ouissam AlaouiteGrand Cross Flag of Morocco Kingdom of Morocco
Order of Orange-Nassau (Grand Cross) Order of Orange-NassauGrand Cross Flag of the Netherlands Kingdom of the Netherlands
Order of Vasco Núñez de Balboa, Grand Officer Order of Vasco Núñez de BalboaGrand Officer Flag of Panama Republic of Panama
Military Order of Ayacucho, Grand Officer Military Order of AyacuchoGrand Officer Flag of Peru Republic of Peru
Philippine Legion of Honor, Chief Commander Philippine Legion of HonorChief Commander (1954) Flag of the Philippines Republic of the Philippines
Order of Aviz, Grand Cross Order of AvizGrand Cross Flag of Portugal Portuguese Republic
Order of the Red Banner Order of the Red Banner Flag of the Soviet Union Soviet Union
Order of the White Elephant, I class Order of the White ElephantGrand Cross Flag of Thailand Kingdom of Thailand
Foreign Unit Awards
Fourragère, National Order of the Legion of Honour Flag of the French Republic French Republic
Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation Flag of South Korea Republic of Korea
Non-United States Service Awards
United Nations Korea Medal United Nations Service Medal for Korea Flag of the United Nations2 United Nations
Inter-American Defense Board Medal Inter-American Defense Board Medal
Foreign Service Awards
Korean War Service Medal Korean War Service Medal Flag of South Korea Republic of Korea
Combat/Special Skill Badges
Combat Infantry Badge
Combat Infantryman Badge
(honorary badge, 1991)
Parachutist Badge
Basic Parachutist Badge — one jump star
Identification Badges
Army Staff Identification Badge
XVIII US Airborne Corps XVIII Airborne Corps Shoulder Sleeve Insignia -
Former Wartime Service patch
Other Accoutrements
Overseas Service Bar (WWII) Six Overseas Service Bars
Miscellaneous Awards & Honors
  • Bachelor of Science, United States Military Academy (1917)
  • Doctor of Military Science, University of Maryland (1952)
  • Doctor of Laws, Lafayette College (1953)
  • Doctor of Laws, Hofstra College (1953)
  • Doctor of Laws, Seton Hall University (1955)
  • Doctor of Laws, Akron University (1959)
  • Doctor of Laws, Washington and Jefferson University (1963)
  • LIFE Magazine covers April 30, 1951 and May 12, 1952
  • TIME Magazine covers March 5, 1951, and July 16, 1951
  • Distinguished Citizen of the Commonwealth Award, Pennsylvania Society (1985)
  • Congressional Gold Medal (1990)
  • Distinguished Graduate Award, Association of Graduates, USMA (1992)
  • Order of Saint Maurice (1996)
  • Doughboy Award, National Infantry Association (1996)
  • University of Pittsburgh "Matthew B. Ridgway Center" is named in his honor

Battles/Wars ParticipationEdit

World War I (06 Apr 1917 - 11 Nov 1918)

World War II (08 Dec 1941 - 02 Sept 1945)

Korean War (07 Jul 1950 - 27 Jul 1953)

Foreign and Overseas ServiceEdit

Quotes / ReflectionsEdit

NotesEdit

FamilyEdit

Name Relation Lifespan Notes
Immediate Family
Extended Family

GalleryEdit

Matthew B. Ridgway (MG1)

Major General
- XVIII Airborne Corps

Matthew B. Ridgway (GEN1)

General
- Chief of Staff

ReferencesEdit

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