FANDOM


General
Joseph Lawton Collins
J. Lawton Collins (GEN1)
U.S. Army General Flag (General)
Four Star General Officer Flag

InformationEdit

Basic Information
Born 01 May 1896
Place of birth New Orleans, Louisiana
Died 12 September 1987 (aged 91)
Place of death Washington, D.C.
Cause of death Cardiac arrest
Buried at Arlington National Cemetery
Spouse
Alma mater United States Military Academy (B.S. '17)
Nickname Lightning Joe
Military Info
Allegiance US Flag United States of America
Branch US Department of the Army Seal United States Army
Years/service

Service # Officer -

Career SummaryEdit

Insignia Organization or Command Title / Position Branch Rank Location Begin Date End Date
United States Army
United States Military Academy Cadet Cadet West Point, New York 14 Jun 1913 20 Apr 1917
22nd Infantry Unknown US Army Infantry Insignia 1st Lieutenant Fort Hamilton, New York 12 Jun 1917 01 Jan 1918
Infantry School of Arms Student Captain Fort Sill, Oklahoma 00 Jan 1918 00 Feb 1918
22nd Infantry Supply Officer Fort Hamilton, New York 00 Jun 1918 00 Jul 1918
Camp Inspector Major Syracuse Recruit Camp, New York 00 Jul 1918 00 Nov 1918
Commanding Detachment Fort Hamilton, New York 00 Nov 1918 00 Dec 1918
2nd Infantry Division (US) Unknown Battalion:
23rd Infantry:
3rd Infantry Brigade:
2nd Division
Commanding Battalion Fort Jay, New York 00 Dec 1918 22 May 1919
1st Infantry Division Unknown Battalion:
18th Infantry:
1st Infantry Brigade:
1st Division
Commanding Battalion Captain Coblenz, Germany 24 Jun 1919 16 Aug 1919
8th Infantry Division Unknown Companies:
8th Infantry:
16th Infantry Brigade:
8th Division
Commanding Company Montabaur, Germany;
Selters, Germany
00 Aug 1919 23 Nov 1919
8th Infantry Division Unknown Company:
8th Infantry:
16th Infantry Brigade:
8th Division
Commanding Company Coblenz, Germany 00 Nov 1919 15 Jun 1920
Third Army (United States) Army of Occupation Assistant to Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3 Coblenz, Germany 15 Jun 1920 15 Jul 1921
Department of Chemistry:
United States Military Academy
Instructor West Point, New York 26 Aug 1921 18 Jun 1925
Infantry School Student, Company Officers' Course Fort Benning, Georgia 12 Sep 1925 13 Jun 1926
Field Artillery School Student Fort Sill, Oklahoma 05 Sep 1926 13 Jun 1927
Infantry School Instructor, Weapons / Tactics Fort Benning, Georgia 03 Aug 1927 29 Aug 1931
Student, Advanced course 03 Aug 1927 29 Aug 1931
Command and General Staff School Student Major Fort Leavenworth, Kansas 29 Aug 1931 29 May 1933
12th Infantry Division Headquarters, 23rd Brigade:
Philippine Division
Executive Officer Manila, Philippines 26 Aug 1933 08 May 1934
Headquarters, Philippine Division acting Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2 & G-3 US Army General Staff Insignia Fort William McKinley, Philippines 08 May 1934 25 Jun 1934
Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2 & G-3 25 Jun 1934 06 May 1936
Army Industrial College Student US Army Infantry Insignia Washington, D.C. 21 Aug 1936 20 Jun 1937
Army War College Student 16 Aug 1937 22 Jun 1938
Instructor 01 Jul 1938 09 Jun 1940
War Department General Staff Assistant Secretary of the General Staff US Army General Staff Insignia Lieutenant Colonel 10 Jun 1940 02 Jan 1941
VII US Corps (Alt) Headquarters, VII Corps Chief of Staff Colonel Birmingham, Alabama 07 Jan 1941 15 Dec 1941
Hawaiian Department Headquarters, Hawaiian Department Chief of Staff Fort Shafter, Hawaii 16 Dec 1941 07 May 1942
25th Infantry Division 25th Infantry Division Commanding General U.S. Army General Flag (Major General, plain) Major General South Pacific; Guadalcanal;
New Georgia
08 May 1942 15 Dec 1943
VII US Corps VII Corps 8th Commanding General U.S. Army General Flag (Lieutenant General, plain) Lieutenant General England; France;
Belgium; Germany
14 Feb 1944 28 Aug 1945
Army Ground Forces Headquarters, Army Ground Forces Deputy Commanding General & Chief of Staff US Army General Staff Insignia Washington, D.C. 30 Aug 1945 15 Dec 1945
War Department General Staff Director of Information 01 Jan 1946 15 May 1946
Chief of Public Information 15 May 1946 20 Jul 1947
16th Deputy Chief of Staff 01 Sep 1947 14 Nov 1948
Headquarters, Department of the Army 1st Vice Chief of Staff Army Vice Chief of Staff Flag General 15 Nov 1948 15 Aug 1949
18th Chief of Staff Army Chief of Staff Flag General 16 Aug 1949 14 Aug 1953
North Atlantic Treaty Organization Military Committee United States Military Representative U.S. Army General Flag (General, plain) General 00 Aug 1953 03 Nov 1954
United States Department of State Special Representative to Vietnam Vietnam 03 Nov 1954 00 May 1955
North Atlantic Treaty Organization Military Committee United States Military Representative 00 May 1955 31 Mar 1956
Civilian Career
Pfizer International subsidiaries Vice Chairman U.S. Army General Flag (General, plain) General, Retired 1957

Dates of RankEdit

Grade Rank Insignia Name Branch Appointment Age Service Date of Rank Accepted Years Spent
in Rank
Cadet 14 Jun 1913 17 Regular Army 3 years
O-1
2nd Lieutenant (US Infantry alternative)
2nd Lieutenant
US Army Infantry Insignia
20 Apr 1917 20 -
O-2
1st Lieutenant (US Infantry)
1st Lieutenant 15 May 1917 21 -
O-3
Captain (US Infantry)
Captain
(Temporary)
05 Aug 1917 (to 21 Sep 1918) 21 1 year
O-4
Major (US Infantry)
Major 09 Sep 1918 (to 10 Mar 1920) 22 National Army 22 Sep 1918 1 year
O-3
Captain (US Infantry)
Captain 25 Jun 1919 23 Regular Army 13 years
O-4
Major (US Infantry)
Major 01 Aug 1932 36 7 years
O-5
Lieutenant Colonel (US Infantry)
Lieutenant Colonel 25 Jun 1940 44 -
O-6
Colonel (US Infantry)
Colonel 13 Jan 1941 44 Army of the United States 15 Jan 1941 1 year
O-7
Brigadier General (USA)
Brigadier General 14 Feb 1942 (to 26 May 1942) 45 -
O-8
Major General (USA)
Major General 26 May 1942 (to 16 Apr 1945) 46 2 years
O-9
Lieutenant General (USA)
Lieutenant General 16 Apr 1945 (to 24 Jan 1948) 48 26 Apr 1945 2 years
O-7
Brigadier General (USA)
Brigadier General 19 Jun 1945 49 Regular Army -
O-8
Major General (USA)
Major General 24 Jan 1948 51 -
O-10
General (USA)
General 24 Jan 1948 (to 31 Mar 1956) 51 Army of the United States 8 years
O-10
General (USA)
General 31 Mar 1956 59 Retirement 31 years

Awards and DecorationsEdit

United States Decorations
Army Distinguished Service Medal (3 Oakleaf) Army Distinguished Service Medal three oak leaf clusters
Silver Star (1 Oakleaf) Silver Star Medal one oak leaf cluster
Legion of Merit (OLC & Valor) Legion of Merit 'Valor' device; one oak leaf cluster
Bronze Star Medal (Valor device) Bronze Star Medal 'Valor' device
World War I Victory Medal World War I Victory Medal
Army of Occupation of Germany Army of Occupation of Germany Medal
American Defense Service Medal American Defense Service Medal
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (2 Stars) Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal two service stars
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal (5SS & AH) European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal arrowhead; five service stars
World War II Victory Medal World War II Victory Medal
Army of Occupation Medal Army of Occupation Medal 'Germany' clasp
National Defense Service Medal National Defense Service Medal
Foreign Decorations
Legion of Honour (Commander) National Order of the Legion of Honour (Commander; Grand Officer) Flag of the French Republic French Republic
Croix de Guerre 1939-1945, palm Cross of War 1939-1945 with palm Flag of the French Republic French Republic
Order of the Bath Most Honourable Order of the Bath (Honorary Companion) Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom
Order of Suvorov II Class
Order of Suvorov (Second Class x2) Flag of the Soviet Union Soviet Union
Order of Leopold II, Grand Officer Order of Leopold II (Grand Officer) Flag of the Kingdom of Belgium Kingdom of Belgium
Cross of War 1940-1945 (palm) Cross of War 1940-1945 with Palm Flag of the Kingdom of Belgium Kingdom of Belgium
Order of the Liberator General San Martin, Grand Officer Order of the Liberator General San Martin (Grand Officer) Flag of the Argentine Republic Argentine Republic
Order of Military Merit (Brazil) (Grand Officer) Order of Military Merit (Grand Officer) Flag of Brazil Republic of Brazil
Order of George I (Grand Cross) Royal Order of George I (Grand Cross) Flag of the Kingdom of Greece Kingdom of Greece
Order of Homayoun (Grand Cross) Order of Homayoun (Grand Cross) Flag of Imperial Iran Imperial State of Iran
Order of Boyaca, Grand Officer Order of Boyaca (Grand Officer) Flag of Colombia Republic of Colombia
Order of Merit, Grand Cross (Chile) Order of Merit (Grand Cross) Flag of Chile Republic of Chile
Order of Military Merit, white (Cuba) Order of Military Merit (First Class) Flag of Cuba (pre-revolution) Republic of Cuba
KOREAN Order of Military Merit (current) Teaguk Order of Military Merit (First Class "Teaguk") Flag of South Korea Republic of Korea
Order of Military Merit (Mexico) (Modern) Order of Military Merit (First Class) Flag of Mexico United Mexican States
Identification Badges
Army General Staff Identification Badge
Army Staff Identification Badge
VII US Corps VII Corps Shoulder Sleeve Insignia -
Former Wartime Service patch
Other Accoutrements
Overseas Service Bar (WWII) Seven Overseas Service Bars

Battles/Wars ParticipationEdit

World War I (06 Apr 1917 - 11 Nov 1918)

World War II (08 Dec 1941 - 02 Sept 1945)

Korean War (07 Jul 1950 - 27 Jul 1953)

Foreign and Overseas ServiceEdit

Quotes / ReflectionsEdit

NotesEdit

  • Collins was the second youngest of 11 children; His father, an Irish native, joined the Union Army at 16 during the Civil War.

FamilyEdit

Name Relation Notes
Nuclear family
Gladys Easterbrook Wife daughter of Colonel Edmund P. Easterbrook
Joseph E. Collins Son Colonel - USA
Gladys Stenger Daughter
Nancy Rubino Daughter
Immediate family
James L. Collins Brother Major General - USA
Michael Collins Nephew Brigadier General - USAF
James L. Collins, Jr. Nephew Brigadier General - USA

GalleryEdit

[[File: |thumb|left|130px|]] [[File: |thumb|left|130px|]]

ReferencesEdit

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