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General of the Army
Douglas MacArthur
U.S. Army General Flag (General of the Army)
Five Star General Officer Flag

InformationEdit

Basic Information
Born January 26, 1880
place/birth Little Rock, Pulaski County,
Arkansas
Died April 5, 1964 (aged 84)
Place/death Walter Reed Army Medical Center,
Washington, D.C.
Cause/death Liver disease
Buried at MacArthur Memorial
Spouse Louise (née Brooks)
(m. 1922 - 1929; divorce)
Jean (née Faircloth)
(m. 1937 - 1964; his death)
Alma mater United States Military Academy
Nickname(s) see Notes/Trivia
Nationality Caucasian - American
Military Info
Allegiance 40px United States of America
Branch 40px United States Army
Years/service 13 Jun, 1899 - 11 Jun, 1903
United States Military Academy
11 Jun, 1903 - 31 Dec, 1937
United States Army
26 Jul, 1941 - 9 Jul, 1948
United States Army (active duty)
9 Jul, 1948 - 5 Apr, 1964
United States Army
Service # Officer - 57

Career SummaryEdit

Command or Organization Insignia Begin Date End Date Location
Civilian
Cadet, later class Valedictorian — West Texas Military Academy 03 October 1893 1897 San Antonio, Texas
Cadet, 13 June 1899
Cadet, later First Captain — United States Military Academy 13 June 1899 11 June 1903 West Point, New York
Second Lieutenant, Corps of Engineers, 11 June 1903
8px First Lieutenant, Corps of Engineers, 23 April 1904
Assistant to Colonel William H. Heuer, Corps of Engineers 00 April 1905 00 July 1905 San Francisco, California
◌ Assistant to Colonel William H. Heuer, Corps of Engineers
◌ Interim Chief Engineer Officer — Pacific Division
00 July 1905 00 October 1905
Aide-de-camp to Major General Arthur MacArthur (Pacific Division) 29 October 1905 00 September 1906
Aide to President Theodore Roosevelt 00 December 1906 00 August 1907 Washington, D.C.
Assistant to Major William V. Judson, Corps of Engineers 00 August 1907 00 November 1908 Wisconsin
◌ Assistant to Major William V. Judson, Corps of Engineers
◌ Officer in Charge — Improvements to Harbors of Manitowoc, Sheboygan, and Two Rivers
00 November 1907 00 April 1908 Wisconsin
Commanding Officer — Company "K"; 3rd Battalion of Engineers 00 April 1908 unknown Fort Leavenworth, Kansas
Instructor — Army Service Schools unknown 00 April 1909
◌ Adjutant, later Quartermaster — 3rd Battalion of Engineers
◌ Officer in Charge — Engineer Depot
00 April 1909 00 November 1912
21px Captain, Corps of Engineers, 27 February 1911
Member and Recorder of the Board of Engineer Troops 00 November 1912 00 May 1913 Washington, D.C.
Member of the General Staff 00 May 1913 00 April 1913
◌ Member of the General Staff
◌ Superintendent of State, War and Navy Building
00 April 1913 00 November 1913
Member of the General Staff 00 November 1913 00 April 1914
Assistant to the Engineer Officer with the Vera Cruz Expedition 00 April 1914 00 August 1914
Member of the General Staff 00 August 1914 --
22px Major, Corps of Engineers, 11 December 1915
Member of the General Staff
27px Colonel, Infantry, 05 August 1917
Member of the General Staff 10 August 1917
U.S. Army General Flag (Brigadier General, plain) Brigadier General, 26 June 1918
Chief of Staff — Headquarters, 42nd Division 10 August 1917 06 August 1918
Commanding General — Headquarters, 84th Infantry Brigade; 42nd Division 06 August 1918 10 November 1918
Interim Commanding General — Headquarters, 42nd Division 10 November 1918 21 November 1918
Commanding General — Headquarters, 84th Infantry Brigade; 42nd Division 22 November 1918 30 April 1919
Assigned to the Office of the Chief of Staff, Army 01 May 1919 12 June 1919 State-War-Navy Building, Washington, D.C.
31st Superintendent of the United States Military Academy 12 June 1919 30 June 1922 West Point, New York
Commanding General — Military District of Manila 01 November 1922 29 June 1923 Manila, Philippines
Commanding General — Headquarters, 23rd Infantry Brigade; Philippine Division 12th Infantry Division 29 June 1923 18 November 1924 Fort William McKinley, Philippines
Commanding General — Headquarters, Philippine Division
◌ Commanding General — Headquarters, 23rd Infantry Brigade; Philippine Division
18 November 1924 17 January 1925
U.S. Army General Flag (Major General, plain) Major General, 17 January 1925
Commanding General — Headquarters, Philippine Division 12th Infantry Division 17 January 1925 30 January 1925 See above
Commanding General — Headquarters, Fourth Corps Area 01 May 1925 26 July 1925 Fort McPherson, Georgia
Commanding General — Headquarters, Third Corps Area 01 August 1925 00 September 1927 Fort McHenry, Maryland
◌ Commanding General — Headquarters, Third Corps Area
President of the American Olympic Association
00 September 1927 01 October 1928 see above;
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Commanding General — Headquarters, Philippine Department Philippine Department 01 October 1928 02 October 1930 Fort Santiago, Philippines
Commanding General — Headquarters, Ninth Corps Area 02 October 1930 20 November 1930 San Francisco, California
U.S. Army General Flag (General, plain) General, 21 November 1930
13th Chief of Staff (War Department General Staff) Army Ground Forces 21 November 1930 09 March 1932 State-War-Navy Building, Washington, D.C.
◌ 13th Chief of Staff (War Department General Staff)
Commanding GeneralGeneral Headquarters, United States Army
09 March 1932 01 October 1935
U.S. Army General Flag (Major General, plain) Major General, 01 October 1935
Military Advisor to the Commonwealth Government (MACG) 01 January 1936 31 December 1937 Manila, Philippines
U.S. Army General Flag (General, plain) General, retired, 31 December 1937
Military Advisor to the Commonwealth Government (MACG) 31 December 1937 25 July 1941 see above
U.S. Army General Flag (Lieutenant General, plain) Lieutenant General, 29 July 1941
Commanding General — Headquarters, United States Army Forces Far East (USAFFE) 26 July 1941 see above
U.S. Army General Flag (General, plain) General, 22 December 1941
Commanding General — Headquarters, United States Army Forces Far East (USAFFE) 30 March 1942 see above
◌ Supreme Commander — General Headquarters, Southwest Pacific Area (SWPA)
◌ Commanding General — Headquarters, United States Army Forces Far East (USAFFE)
30 March 1942 18 April 1942 Melbourne, Australia
Supreme Commander — General Headquarters, Southwest Pacific Area (SWPA) 18 April 1942 26 February 1943 see above;
A.M.P Building, Brisbane, Australia
◌ Supreme Commander — General Headquarters, Southwest Pacific Area (SWPA)
◌ Commanding General — Headquarters, United States Army Forces Far East (USAFFE)
26 February 1943
U.S. Army General Flag (General of the Army, Plain) General of the Army, 18 December 1944
◌ Supreme Commander — General Headquarters, Southwest Pacific Area (SWPA)
◌ Commanding General — Headquarters, United States Army Forces Far East (USAFFE)
06 April 1945 see above
◌ Supreme Commander — General Headquarters, Southwest Pacific Area (SWPA)
Commander-in-Chief — General Headquarters, United States Army Forces Pacific (AFPAC)
◌ Commanding General — Headquarters, United States Army Forces Far East (USAFFE)
06 April 1945 13 August 1945 DN Tower 21, Tokyo, Japan
Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP)
◌ Commander-in-Chief — General Headquarters, United States Army Forces Pacific (AFPAC)
◌ Commanding General — Headquarters, United States Army Forces Far East (USAFFE)
General Headquarters, Southwest Pacific (original) 14 August 1945 04 July 1946
◌ Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP)
◌ Commander-in-Chief — General Headquarters, United States Army Forces Pacific (AFPAC)
General Headquarters, Southwest Pacific 04 Jul 1946 01 January 1947
◌ Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP)
Commander-in-Chief — General Headquarters, Far East Command (FEC)
Commanding General — Headquarters, United States Army Forces Far East (USAFFE)
10 January 1947 08 July 1950
◌ Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP)
Commander-in-Chief — General Headquarters, United Nations Command (UNC)
◌ Commander-in-Chief — General Headquarters, Far East Command (FEC)
◌ Commanding General — Headquarters, United States Army Forces Far East (USAFFE)
08 July 1950 15 December 1950
◌ Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP)
◌ Commander-in-Chief — General Headquarters, United Nations Command (UNC)
◌ Commander-in-Chief — General Headquarters, Far East Command (FEC)
◌ Commanding General — Headquarters, United States Army Forces Far East (USAFFE)
Governor of the United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands (USCAR)
15 December 1950 11 April 1951
Assigned to the Office of the Chief of Staff, United States Army 00 August 1951 05 April 1964 The Pentagon, Arlington, Virginia;
(Waldorf Astoria New York)

Dates of RankEdit

Grade Rank Insignia Name Branch Appointment Age Date of Rank Accepted Time Spent in Rank
United States Army
- No Insignia Cadet - 13 Jun 1899 19 13 Jun 1899 13 Jun 1899 03 year(s), 11 month(s), 27 day(s)
Graduate - U.S. Military Academy 10 Jun 1903 23 - - -
O-1
2nd Lieutenant (US Engineers alternative)
2nd Lieutenant 11 Jun 1903 23 11 Jun 1903 11 Jun 1903 01 year(s), 02 month(s), 29 day(s)
O-2
1st Lieutenant (US Engineers)
1st Lieutenant 23 Apr 1904 24 23 Apr 1904 09 Sep 1904 06 year(s), 10 month(s), 04 day(s)
O-3
Captain (US Engineers)
Captain 27 Feb 1911 33 27 Feb 1911 11 Mar 1911 04 year(s), 09 month(s), 14 day(s)
O-4
Major (US Engineers)
Major 11 Dec 1915 35 11 Dec 1915 24 Jan 1916 04 year(s), 02 month(s), 14 day(s)
O-7
Brigadier General (USA)
Brigadier General - 25 Feb 1920 39 20 Jan 1920 28 Feb 1920 04 year(s), 10 month(s), 23 day(s)
O-8
Major General (USA)
Major General - 17 Jan 1925 45 17 Jan 1925 17 Jan 1925 05 year(s), 10 month(s), 04 day(s)
O-10 General (Temp.) - 21 Nov 1930 50 21 Nov 1930 21 Nov 1930 10 year(s), 08 month(s), 14 day(s)
Relieved - General (Temp.) 01 Oct 1935 57 - - -
O-8
Major General (USA)
Major General - 01 Oct 1935 45 17 Jan 1925 01 Oct 1935 02 year(s), 03 month(s), 00 day(s)
Retired at Own Request 31 Dec 1937 57 - - -
Active Duty - Major General 26 Jul 1941 61 - - -
O-11
General of the Army (USA)
General of the Army - 26 Mar 1946 64 26 Mar 1946 18 Dec 1944 18 year(s), 00 month(s), 10 day(s)
Restored to Active List 09 Jul 1948 68 - - -
Grade Rank Insignia Name Branch Appointment Age Date of Rank Accepted Time Spent in Rank
National Army
O-6
Colonel (US Infantry)
Colonel 05 Aug 1917 37 05 Aug 1917 11 Aug 1917 00 year(s), 10 month(s), 21 day(s)
O-7
Brigadier General (USA)
Brigadier General - 26 Jun 1918 37 26 Jun 1918 11 Jul 1918 01 year(s), 08 month(s), 02 day(s)
Honorable Discharge 28 Feb 1920 - - - -
Grade Rank Insignia Name Branch Appointment Age Date of Rank Accepted Time Spent in Rank
Philippine Army
O-11 Field Marshal - 24 Aug 1936 56 24 Aug 1936 24 Aug 1936 01 year(s), 04 month(s), 07 day(s)
Retired - Field Marshal 31 Dec 1937 - - - -
Grade Rank Insignia Name Branch Appointment Age Date of Rank Accepted Time Spent in Rank
Army of the United States
O-9 Lieutenant General - 27 Jul 1941 27 Jul 1941 29 Jul 1941 00 year(s), 04 month(s), 21 day(s)
O-10 General - 18 Dec 1941 18 Dec 1941 22 Dec 1941 03 year(s), 00 month(s), 00 day(s)
O-11
General of the Army (USA)
General of the Army - 18 Dec 1944 18 Dec 1944 18 Dec 1944 19 year(s), 03 month(s), 18 day(s)

Awards and DecorationsEdit

United States Awards & Decorations
Medal of Honor Medal of Honor
Distinguished Service Cross (2 Oakleaf) Distinguished Service Cross two oak leaf clusters
Army Distinguished Service Medal (4 Oakleaf) Army Distinguished Service Medal four oak leaf clusters
Navy Distinguished Service Medal Navy Distinguished Service Medal
Silver Star (6OLC) Silver Star six oak leaf clusters
Distinguished Flying Cross Distinguished Flying Cross
Bronze Star Medal (Valor device) Bronze Star Medal Valor device
Purple Heart (1 Oakleaf) Purple Heart one oak leaf cluster
Air Medal Air Medal
Presidential Unit Citation (6 OLC) Presidential Unit Citation six oak leaf clusters
Philippine Campaign Medal Philippine Campaign Medal
Mexican Service Medal Mexican Service Medal
World War I Victory Medal (5 stars) World War I Victory Medal five campaign clasps
Army of Occupation of Germany Army of Occupation of Germany Medal
American Defense Service Medal (Foreign Service Star) American Defense Service Medal "Foreign Service" clasp
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (10 stars, 1 arrowhead) Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal arrowhead; ten service stars
World War II Victory Medal World War II Victory Medal
Army of Occupation Medal Army of Occupation Medal "Japan" clasp
National Defense Service Medal (1 Service Star) National Defense Service Medal one service star
Korean Service Medal (3SS, 1AH) Korean Service Medal arrowhead; three service stars
Marksmanship Badges
Expert Rifleman (Army) (Obsolete) 1897 Expert Rifleman Badge
(Obsolete version)
Pistol Expert (Army) (Obsolete) 1907 Pistol Expert Badge
(Obsolete version)
Combat/Special Skill Badges
Combat Infantry Badge
Combat Infantryman Badge (Honorary)
Command Pilot Wings (basic) Command Aviator Badge (Honorary)
Identification Badges
Army Staff Identification Badge
(Chief of Staff version)
Other Accoutrements
Wound Chevron (WWI) Two Wound Chevrons
Overseas Service Bar (WWII) Eleven Overseas Service Bars
Overseas Service Bar (WWI) Three Overseas Service Chevrons

for more information: Douglas MacArthur/Awards & Decorations

Battles/WarsEdit

Mexican Expedition

  • Occupation of Veracruz

World War I

  • Aisne-Marne Offensive
  • Champagne-Marne Offensive
  • Battle of Saint-Mihiel
  • Meuse-Argonne Offensive
  • Defensive Sector
  • Occupation of Germany

World War II

  • Philippines Campaign (1941–42)
  • New Guinea Campaign
  • Philippines Campaign (1944–45)
  • Borneo Campaign (1945)
  • Occupation of Japan

Korean War

  • Battle of Incheon
  • UN Offensive, 1950
  • Chinese Winter Offensive
  • UN Offensive, 1951

Quotes / ReflectionsEdit

Douglas MacArthur Reminiscences (1964): "My first memory was the sound of bugles, it was here I learned to ride and shoot even before I could read or write — indeed, almost before I could walk or talk."

President Franklin D. Roosevelt (Oct 1935): "Douglas, if war should suddenly come, don't wait for orders to come home. Grab the first transportation you can find. I want you to command my armies."

George R. Brown, Washington Herald: "Brilliant and magnetic General Douglas MacArthur is going out as Chief of Staff in a blaze of splendid glory, the idol of the entire Army. His work in Washington is finished. A year ago the Army was on the rocks, demoralized, discouraged, and out of date. General MacArthur has saved it by putting through Congress the most constructive program for the land defenses since the World War."

David McCullough, Historian: "You couldn't shrug your shoulders at Douglas MacArthur. There was nothing bland about him, nothing passive about him, nothing dull about him. There's no question about his patriotism, there's no question about his courage, and there's no question, it seems to me, about his importance as one of the protagonists of the 20th century."

Notes/TriviaEdit

  • Here is a list of various nicknames MacArthur has aquired over his military career:
    • American Caesar (a posthumous nickname acquired after a book of the same name was published)
    • D'Artagnan of the A.E.F. (by a war correspondent during the Fist World War)
    • Beau Brummell of the A.E.F. (by a war correspondent during the Fist World War)
    • Big Chief (by General Robert L. Eichelberger)
    • Disraeli of the Chiefs of Staff
    • Dugout Doug (by doughboys during the Second World War)
    • Fighting Dude (by doughboys during the Fist World War)
    • Gaijin Shogun (by the Japanese people around the time of his death, which means "Foreign Military Ruler")
    • Napoleon of Luzon
    • Mr. Prima Donna, Brass Hat, Five Star MacArthur (by Truman in his diary dated 17 June, 1945)

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