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Brehon B. Somervell

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General
Brehon B. Somervell
Basic Information
Born May 9, 1892
Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas
Died February 13, 1955 (aged 62)
Ocala, Marion County, Florida
Cause/death Myocardial infarction
Buried at Arlington National Cemetery
Spouse Anna Purnell (1885-1942)
Louise Hampton Wartmann
Alma mater United States Military Academy
Nickname Bill
Military Information
Allegiance US Flag United States
branch US Department of the Army Seal United States Army
Years/Service 1914-1946
(36 years, 2 months)
Rank General insignia General

Brehon Burke Somervell (May 9, 1892 – February 13, 1955)

Military AssignmentsEdit

Sleeve Insignia Name Position Headquarters Begin Date End Date
89th Infantry Division 89th Infantry Division Assistant Chief of Staff November 10, 1918 February 5, 1919
American Forces in Germany Assistant Chief of Staff (G-4) Germany July 13, 1919 July 1, 1920
Office, Chief of Engineers Officer Washington, D.C. July, 1920 19??
District Engineer Washington, D.C. 1926 1930
Lower Mississippi Valley Division Assistant Chief Engineer Mississippi September 1, 1930 1931
Assistant District Engineer Memphis, Tennessee 1931 1933
Office, Chief of Engineers Officer Washington, D.C. 1934 1935
National Emergency Council Executive Officer 1935 1935
District Engineer Ocala, Florida 1935 1936
Works Progress Administration Consulting Engineer Atlanta, Georgia 1935 1936
North Atlantic Division Assistant Division Engineer 1936 1940
Works Progress Administration Director Atlanta, Georgia 1936 1940
Officer, Inspector General Officer Washington, D.C. 1940 1940
Construction Division, Quartermaster Corps Chief Washington, D.C. December 11, 1940 November 25, 1941
US Army General Staff Insignia General Staff Corps Assistant Chief of Staff (G-4) Washington, D.C. November 25, 1941 March 9, 1942
Army Services Forces Army Service Forces Commanding General Pentagon, Virginia March 9, 1942 January 1, 1946

Military & Civilian SchoolsEdit

Name Location Begin Date End Date
Engineer School Washington Barracks,
Washington D.C
1920 1921
Command and General
Staff College
Fort Leavenworth, Kansas 1922 1923
Army War College Washington Barracks,
Washington D.C
1925 1926
Name Degree Location Begin Date End Date
United States Military Academy B.S. West Point, New York 3/1/1910 6/12/1914
Widener University D. of M.S. Chester, Pennsylvania 1942
North Eastern University D. Engr. Boston, Massachusetts 1943
Union College D. Engr. Schenectady, New York 1943
New York University D. Engr. New York City, New York 1943
Washington and Jefferson College Sc. D. Washington, Pennsylvania 1943
University of Arkansas LL. D. Fayetteville, Arkansas 1943

Dates of RankEdit

Regular Army

Grade Rank Insignia Name Branch Insignia Date of Rank Age Notes
No Insignia Cadet
U.S. Military Academy
March 1, 1910 17
O-1 No Insignia 2nd Lieutenant
US Army Engineer Insignia
June 12, 1914 22
O-2
1st Lieutenant Insignia
1st Lieutenant
US Army Engineer Insignia
February 28, 1915 22
O-3
Captain insignia
Captain
US Army Engineer Insignia
May 15, 1917 25
O-4
Major insignia
Major
US Army Engineer Insignia
July 1, 1920 28
O-5
Lieutenant Colonel insignia
Lieutenant Colonel
US Army Engineer Insignia
August 1, 1935 43
O-6
Colonel insignia
Colonel
US Army Engineer Insignia
July 1, 1942 50
O-7
Brigadier General insignia
Brigadier General September 1, 1943 51
O-8
Major General Insignia
Major General September 3, 1943 51
Retired, At His Own Request April 30, 1946 54
O-10
General insignia
General Retired List June 4, 1948 56

National Army (American Expeditionary Force)

Grade Rank Insignia Name Branch Insignia Date of Rank Age Notes
O-4
Major insignia
Major
US Army Engineer Insignia
August 5, 1917 25
O-5
Lieutenant Colonel insignia
Lieutenant Colonel
US Army Engineer Insignia
October 1, 1918 26
Honorable Discharge June 30, 1920 28

Army of the United States

Grade Rank Insignia Name Branch Insignia Date of Rank Age Notes
O-7
Brigadier General insignia
Brigadier General January 29, 1941 48 accepted: February 14, 1941
O-8
Major General Insignia
Major General January 28, 1942 49
O-9
Lieutenant General insignia
Lieutenant General March 9, 1942 50
O-10
General insignia
General March 6, 1945 53
Terminated General April 29, 1946 53

Awards and DecorationsEdit

Distinguished Service Cross
Army Distinguished Service Medal Legion of Merit Mexican Service Medal World War I Victory Medal
Army of Occupation of Germany American Defense Service Medal American Campaign Medal European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal World War II Victory Medal
Army Distinguished Service Cross (1919)
Army Distinguished
Service Medal
(1923, 42, 45)
Legion of Merit Mexican Service
Medal
World War I
Victory Medal
Army of Occupation
of Germany Medal
American Defense
Service Medal
American Campaign
Medal
European-African-Middle
Eastern Campaign
Medal (3 stars)
Asiatic-Pacific
Campaign Medal
World War II
Victory Medal

Foreign Decorations

Ribbon Name Class Country Issue
Order of the British Empire Knight Commander United Kingdom
Legion of Honour (Grand Officer) Legion of Honour Grand Officer France
Croix de Guerre 1939-1945 Croix de Guerre - France
Special Breast Order of Yun Hui Order of Yun Hui Grand Cross China
Medal of La Solidaridad Medal of La Solidaridad Panama
  • 3 1/2 overseas bars

Battles/WarsEdit

Mexican Expedition

  • Punitive Expedition

World War I

  • Meuse-Argonne Offensive
  • Occupation of Germany

World War II

  • non-overseas duty

QuotesEdit

NotesEdit

  • USMA appointment by Arkansas Representative Charles C. Reid
  • USAT General Brehon B. Somervell is named in his honor

FamilyEdit

  • Wife: Anna Purnell (1885-1/27/1942)
  • Father: Dr. William T. Somervell
  • Mother: Mary S. Burke

GalleryEdit

[[File: |thumb|left|130px|]] [[File: |thumb|left|130px|]]

ReferencesEdit

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